Milialar – Causes And Symptoms from Professional’s Guide

Milia, those tiny, pearly-white bumps that can appear on your skin, may seem innocuous at first glance. However, they can be a source of frustration and concern for many individuals.I

In this article, we will delve into the world of milialar, exploring what they are, why they develop, and how to manage and prevent them.

What Are milialar?

Milia (singular: milium) are small, benign cysts that commonly appear on the surface of the skin. They are often described as small, white or yellowish bumps that resemble tiny pearls or grains of sand.


milialars can occur in people of all ages, from newborns to adults, and can appear anywhere on the body. However, they are most frequently found on the face, especially around the eyes and on the cheeks.

Types of milialar:

There are several types of milialar, and they are classified based on their origin and location:

Types of Milia:
source; advanceddermspecialists

Primary Milia: These are the most common type and are often seen in infants. Primary milialar develop when dead skin cells become trapped in small pockets just beneath the skin’s surface.

Secondary Milia: Secondary milialar can occur at any age and are usually associated with damage to the skin, such as burns, blisters, or skin conditions like bullous pemphigoid.

Neonatal Milia: These tiny white bumps can appear on a newborn’s nose and face, typically within the first few weeks of life. Neonatal milialar are harmless and usually disappear on their own.

Milia en Plaque: This type of milia presents as a cluster of milia on an inflamed patch of skin. It is a rare condition and may be associated with other skin disorders.

What Causes milialar?

Understanding the underlying causes of milialar is essential for effective management. The primary factors contributing to milia formation include:


Skin Care Products: The use of heavy, occlusive skincare products can trap dead skin cells and sebum, leading to the development of milialar. Look out for products with comedogenic ingredients.

Sun Damage: Prolonged sun exposure can thicken the skin and make it harder for dead skin cells to naturally shed, increasing the risk of milialar.

Trauma to the Skin: Physical injury, burns, or harsh skin treatments can cause secondary milia to form at the site of injury.

Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to milia, making them more prone to developing these cysts.

Managing and Preventing milialar:

While milia are generally harmless and do not require treatment, some people may seek to manage or prevent them for cosmetic reasons. Here are some tips:

source: womansworld

Gentle Exfoliation: Regular exfoliation can help remove dead skin cells and reduce the risk of milia. However, be cautious not to over-exfoliate, as this can irritate the skin and exacerbate the issue.

Avoid Heavy Products: Use non-comedogenic, lightweight skincare products to minimize the risk of trapping dead skin cells.

Sun Protection: Apply sunscreen daily to protect your skin from sun damage, which can contribute to milialar formation.

Professional Extraction: If milia persist or bother you, consult a dermatologist. They can safely extract the cysts using sterile instruments.

Retinoids: Some topical treatments containing retinoids may help prevent milia by promoting skin cell turnover. Consult a dermatologist before using them.

Skincare Tips to Prevent milialar Formation:

Use Non-Comedogenic Products: Look for skincare and makeup products labeled as “non-comedogenic.” These products are formulated to not clog pores and are less likely to contribute to milia.

Choose Lightweight Moisturizers: Opt for lightweight, oil-free moisturizers to avoid excess oil buildup on the skin. Water-based or gel-based moisturizers are often suitable choices.


Regular Cleansing: Develop a consistent skincare routine that includes gentle cleansing to remove dirt, makeup, and excess oils from your skin. Avoid harsh scrubbing, as it can irritate the skin.

Exfoliate Wisely: If you choose to exfoliate, select a mild exfoliant with ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). Limit exfoliation to 1-2 times per week to avoid overdoing it.

Sun Protection and milialar Prevention:

Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect your skin from harmful UV rays. Apply it every morning, even on cloudy days.

Hats and Sunglasses: Wear wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses with UV protection when spending time outdoors. These accessories provide extra protection for sensitive areas like the face and eyes.

Seek Shade: Whenever possible, seek shade during peak sunlight hours (usually between 10 AM and 4 PM) to reduce sun exposure.

Sun Protection and Milia Prevention:
source: healthline

Professional Treatments for milialar:

Dermatologist Consultation: If you have persistent or bothersome milia, consult a dermatologist. They can accurately diagnose the type of milialar and recommend appropriate treatment options.

Extraction: Dermatologists can safely extract milialar using sterile instruments. This procedure is quick and relatively painless.

Topical Retinoids: In some cases, dermatologists may prescribe topical retinoid creams to help promote skin cell turnover and prevent milia.

Chemical Peels: Chemical peels performed by a dermatologist can aid in exfoliating the skin and reducing milia formation.

Lifestyle and Dietary Considerations:

Hydration: Staying well-hydrated is essential for maintaining healthy skin. Drink an adequate amount of water daily to keep your skin hydrated from within.

Balanced Diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and antioxidants can benefit your skin. Avoid excessive consumption of high-glycemic foods, which may contribute to skin issues.

Avoid Picking or Squeezing: Resist the urge to pick or squeeze milia, as this can lead to skin irritation and potentially worsen the condition.

Manage Stress: High stress levels can affect your skin’s health. Engage in stress-reduction activities such as exercise, meditation, or yoga to promote overall well-being.



milialar may be tiny, but they can be a big concern for those who want clear, smooth skin. Understanding the causes and types of milialar is crucial for effective management and prevention.

Remember that while you can take steps to reduce the risk of milia, it’s essential to consult a dermatologist for personalized advice and treatment if needed. With proper care, you can keep those pearly-white bumps at bay and enjoy healthy, radiant skin.